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27 June 2016

Restoring Degraded Mt Bamboutos; Over 5000 Trees Planted

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Restoring Degraded Mt Bamboutos; Over 5000 Trees Planted

The Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) in collaboration with the UNDP GEF Small grants Program are intensifying efforts towards restoring the southern slope of Mount Bamboutos, which has undergone severe degradation due uncontrolled agricultural practices.

Over 5000 Acacia angustissima seedlings were recently transplanted to farms within the degraded landscape of Magha-Bamumbu.

This exercise according to ERuDeF Agroforestry Coordinator for Lebialem Division, Mr Ntungwa Elong, will not only restore the severely degraded landscape, but all also boost water flow and reduce soil contamination that has been caused by the heavy use of pesticides by the local farmers.

Given the role of these trees in restoring this landscape, the farmers were sensitized on the importance of the agroforestry trees in their farms.

“These trees will not only restored your landscape; they will also fertilize the soil and increase farm yield. These trees fertilize the soil in two ways; the leave of the tree are used for mulching and the same time, the roots release nitrogen which plays an important role in soil fertilization” Mr Elong said.

After the sensitization exercise, farmers were taken to the nurseries for demonstration on how the remaining trees in the nurseries will be transplanted.

 Kenmene Lea Alida

27 June 2016

Agroforestry System Boosts Crop Production in Bamboutos

Posted in News, Views 479

Agroforestry System Boosts Crop Production in Bamboutos

Some farmers in Bamboutos Division in the Western Region of Cameroon, who adopted Trees Cameroon Agroforestery Farming System, have started experiencing an increase in their farm yields.

Mr. Douanla Pierre is one of those farmers in the Bamboutos Division adopting the Trees Cameroon Agroforestry Farming System. He says the leaves of the nitrogen fixing trees (acacia, luceana and calliandra), which he nursed and transplanted to his farm thanks to support and training from Trees Cameroon has increased soil fertility of his maize farm. “These trees are performing miracles in my farm. Maize in this farm has always been brownish because of low soil fertility but now, the farm is green with healthy maize. Very soon I will be harvesting” Mr. Douanla added.

The maize farmer said his maize is even healthier than that of those applying chemical fertilizers.

Mr Douanla is just one of the many farmers in the Bamboutos Division that is experiencing an improvement in his soil fertility as result of integrating the Agroforestry technique.

This Agroforestry System of farming was introduced in the Western Region of Cameroon some five years ago with the goal of improving soil fertility, increasing farm yield and restoring degraded landscapes in the region.

It is evident that this goal is gradually being achieved as many more farmers are now adopting the system. Meanwhile, those who adopted it earlier on are already reaping the benefits.

Junnie Chamdjou

27 June 2016

ERuDeF Partners with Menji Community Radio for Wildlife Conservation in Lebialem

Posted in News, Views 478

ERuDeF Partners with Menji Community Radio for Wildlife Conservation in Lebialem

In a bid tointensify education and sensitization campaign for wildlife conservation in the Lebialem Division, South West Cameroon the Environment and Rural development Foundation (ERuDeF) has gone into partnership with Menji Community Radio

The partnership deal was concluded early June 2016 between the Station Manager of Menji Community Radio, Mr. George Atabong and ERuDeF Education for Sustainable Development Coordinator, Mr. Samuel Ngueping. Both parties agreed to work hand in hand to save the last threatened wildlife species remaining in Lebialem.

Lebialem Division is known for its rich biodiversity. It is host two important protected areas; the Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary and the Proposed Mack-Betchou Wildlife Sanctuary. These Protected Areas are home to endangered wildlife species like the Forest Elephants, Drills, Cross River Gorilla, and Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee amongst other, hence the need for continuous sensitization via diverse media

This collaboration according to Mr. Samuel, also gives ERuDeF and her conservation partners the opportunity to talk about their activities every Wednesday from 7 to 8 Am in Menji Community Radio.

Mr. Atabong on his part, said the collaboration will enable the radio station pay more attention to issues on wildlife conservation and climate change.

Meanwhile, ERuDeF was to increase the frequency of its programme’s on the Radio Station from weekly to bi-weekly as well as involve the station’s journalists in key ERuDeF field activities for live reporting.

The Menji Community Radio is the lone radio station in the Lebialem Division with signals ranging from the Tinto Area Council, Ayang, Mouckbine, Esangong, Efong, Efieh, Ndungatet, Bangang, Besali, to Batibo in the North West Region. It broadcasts in Pidgin English, English and Bangwa Languages.

27 June 2016

Illegal Logging Activities on the Decline in the Mokoko Area

Posted in News, Views 583

Illegal Logging Activities on the Decline in the Mokoko Area

Continuous anti logging patrol trips by MINFOF staff and Village Forest Management Committee (VFMC) members have induced a decline in illegal logging activities in the Mokoko River Forest Reserve.

The revelation was made by Wildlife Control Post of Illoani, Mr. Osang Johnson at the end of a recent anti logging patrol trip in the Ekombe-Mofako, Illoani, Dikome, Bonjare and Bonja villages of the Mokoko Area. This trip was motivated by the felling of some four Microberlinia bislcata seed trees last 2015.

Carried out within the framework of the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF)’s Save Microberlinia bislcata Project, Mr. Osang said there were very limited traces of illegal forest exploitation activities in this area that has hitherto suffered wanton illegal exploitation.

He attributed this to increasing sensitization by ERuDeF and a more consistent patrol that has been carried out in recent time thanks to funding from the Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund

“This general decline of illegal exploitation of Zingana could be associated to the fact that the local population are now aware of the conservation status of this species; our continuous presence in the field during the past three months in accordance with ERuDeF/MINFOF specifications has also scared them away” Mr. Osang ssaid.

MINFOF TOU Focal Point Mr. Biakaiy Norbert, on his part said increasing patrol frequency is very crucial in saving Micoberlinia bisulcata.

This anti logging patrol trips came as a follow up of a training workshop that took place in September 2015 during which the VFMCs were drilled on the Cameroon 1994 Forestry Code and how to carry out patrols.

The Mokoko River Forest Reserve is one of the largest and most consistent habitats of critically endangered Zingana (Microberlinia bisulcata), which has been under continuous threat due to agricultural expansion and illegal timber exploitation

Limbi Blessing Tata

27 June 2016

ERuDeF Re-Enforces Her Communication Division

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ERuDeF Re-Enforces Her Communication Division

Some three young, talented, bilingual and dynamic journalists have been recruited into the Communication Division of Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF). This is to enhance the Division which now covers the Central Africa sub-region.

These journalists include Yanick Fonki Ndeley, recruited as a Reporter, to also be in charge of fundraising, institutional partnerships, online management and the Partners’ e-newsletter. He is the former English Desk Editor of LTM TV in Douala with over 6 years experience in reporting. Queen Achingale, on her part, is coming into the Division as Coordinator and Reporter of Corporate Social Responsibility and the Programme e-newsletter. She has served as Commercial Manager at Njiconres PLC with experience in corporate management. Meanwhile, Sidonice Ndaka , is in Charge Charge of Marketing, Corporate and Emerging markets. She has 3 years of experience in Corporate Business.

They were officially presented to the staff of ERuDeF last June 13, 2016 by the President/CEO Louis Nkembi.

The ERuDeF boss promised to ‘drive’ the new recruits safely through their ‘ride’ at ERuDeF.

The Head of Communication Division, Mr Bertrand Shancho Ndimuh, said the coming of these young journalists will make work within the Division lighter

“Many hands make work light. A new force always comes with a new steam. With the coming of this new force, our media presence will increase and our objectives realised with ease.” He added.

The new recruits on their part expressed gratitude and promised to do their best in branding and up scaling ERuDeF in the world.

“I know this is a demanding task which requires full commitment and hard work. It’s challenging but we are sure to reach our goal,” Ms Ndaka said.

ERuDeF is Cameroon’s leading conservation non-profit organisation created in 1999 to conserve wildlife and protect fragile environments. The organization has a wide range of media productions including the Partners’ E-newsletter, Programme E-newsletter, The Green Vision Newspaper, Silver Back E-newsletter, ERuDeF Institute Newsletter and ERuDeF Impact Magazine amongst others. The organization was recently selected to coordinate the production of a Sub-Regional Great Apes Conservation Newsletter, the GSAC News. This production will cover the works of conservation NGOs within the Central African Sub region.

By Sidonice Ndaka

15 June 2016

ERuDeF Unveils First 3D Model for Conservation and Development in Cameroon

Posted in News, Views 821

ERuDeF Unveils First 3D Model for Conservation and Development in Cameroon

Cameroon’s leading conservation non-profit organization, the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF)in collaboration with her UK based partner, the African Conservation Foundation (ACF), has launched the first Participatory 3Dimensional Mapping (P3DM)project to support community forestry development in the Southwest region of Cameroon.

This model was launched, May 30, 2016 at the Southwest Regional Delegation of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF) as part of the Tofala-M one East Community Conservation Corridor Project.

Bringing together staff of MINFOF Southwest, staff ofERuDeF, ACF’s Director of Conservation and traditional authorities from Upper Bayang in the Manyu Division, the launching ceremony was a culmination of the pilot implementation of the P3DM in the Upper Bayang Subdivision of Manyu Division, Southwest Cameroon.

Speaking during the launching workshop, the Southwest Regional Delegate of MINFOF, FrançoisIssola Dipanda, who was also Chair of the event, pledged the support of his ministry to ERuDeF in the Tofala-Mone East Community Conservation Corridor Project. He called on traditional rulers to rally their subjects and work with ERuDeF to ensure the success of this project.

The Regional Delegate thanked ERuDeF for her collaboration with MINFOF in conserving endangered wildlife species in Cameroon over the years and for introducing a new conservation and development tool, P3DM, in to the conservation landscape of Cameroon.

The P3DM according to ACF Director, Arend De Haas, functions as an important communication and engagement tool, facilitating information exchange between various stakeholders, project planning and management.

“It is a community based mapping method integrating conservation data with information provided by local stakeholders. It facilitates information collection for biodiversity conservation, the development of an effective community-based forest monitoring system, land use planning and sustainable forest management”Arend de Haas added.

Coming some close to two years after the gazetting of the Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary, the President/CEO of ERuDeF said the P3DM has a great role to play in the Tofala-Mone East Conservation Corridor Project, which is aimed at providing genetic connectivity between the Cross River Gorillas and other species in Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary and that of the Takamanda National Park

“In our Tofala-Mone Rainforest Conservation Project, P3DM facilitates the gathering of qualitative and quantitative information about local communities in the area, their livelihoods and land use patterns, including the specific locations where the people conduct various activities” Louis Nkembi testified.

According to him, the survey and monitoring is carried out with the active involvement of the local communities, in order to understand the local perspectives, issues, concerns and priorities, while information gathered related to traditional boundaries, land and resource use and other geographic information, are represented on the 3D model for improved spatial understanding.

.The Chiefs/traditional authorities of Kendem, Bokwa, Egbemo, Chinda, Bakumba, in the Upper Bayang Subdivision, where the pilot implementation of the P3DM had just taking place corroborated this.

As to what the community stands to gain from such a project, the Tofala-Mone East Community Conservation Corridor Project Coordinator, Ms Limbi Blessing Tata, disclosed that the project will support the development of environmentally friendly economic opportunities as well as introduce cottage industries in and around these communities forest.

Louis Nkembi added that besides serving as a great touristic destination, the process of creating and managing a conservation corridor will no longer be from the perspective of total protection, but from the perspective of integral community participation and development.

With the launch of the 3D model, conducting P3DM projects and giving this tool a central role in the sustainable management of forest resources, ERuDeF and African Conservation Foundation are looking forward to extending this novelty to other forest areas and communities in Cameroon. This project is funded by the Waterloo Foundation, Global Forest Watch and Tusk Trust.

By Bertrand Ndimuh

15 June 2016

“I am very impressed With ERuDeF’s Conservation Efforts” –Dr Sally Laahm

Posted in News, Views 685

“I am very impressed With ERuDeF’s Conservation Efforts” –Dr Sally Laahm

The African Conservation Officer of Rainforest Trust Dr. Sally Laahm, recently undertook a trip to the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) to evaluate the organization and her conservation areas. The Rainforest Trust African Conservation Officer spent 10 days with the organization both in the office and her project areas notably the Proposed Mak-Betchou Wildlife Sanctuary, Muanengouba Mountain, and Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary. At the end of her 10 day expedition, she granted an interview to the ERuDeF Programme E-newsletter (EPE) during which she gave an appraisal of the organization and her conservation areas. Read on!

EPE: Who is Sally?

Sally : I am the African Conservation Officer of Rainforest Trust. My Background is wildlife ecology and biological anthropology. I am also a research scientist working in African countries since 1982.

 EPE: This is your first encounter with ERuDeF. After spending 10 days with her what do you think about the organization?

Dr. Sally : ERuDeF has a lot of activities on the ground already for many years, especially a lot of great projects with communities adjacent to existing and proposed protected areas. So I am very impressed

EPE: One of the areas you visited is the beautiful caldera of the Muanengouba Mountain which is host to some endangered amphibians. What is your appreciation of this area?

Sally : Well!, I think the area in question is of high conservation value but there are livestock herders and farmers living and working next to it, which is an issue that needs to be addressed as the population expands. I definitely think that it is a high conservation project to strive to achieve.

EPE: You also visited the Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary. What is your take on this area?

Dr. Sally : It is a biologically reach area, we weren’t there for very long, but we saw many signs of the presence of Gorillas and Chimpanzees, very close to the camp that is used regularly by the ERuDeF team. I did not have the opportunity to travel farther into the sanctuary, but again it is of very high conservation value. It is surrounded by villages in which ERuDeF already has some good number of livelihood projects. I think that the Tofala Hill Wildlife sanctuary is a project which definitely needs funding to proceed further to achieve the legislative processes that are needed for these projects.

EPE: You just came back from the Proposed Mak-Betchou Wildlife Sanctuary, where you camped for two nights. Do you think it is worth the protection?

Dr. Sally : Oh! Most definitely, it is. As a wildlife biologist, I saw so many signs of other wildlife including antelopes and other larger mammals indicating that human pressure is very low. Again, I regret for not being able to have an extended visit, but I appreciate from a biological conservation view point. I think it needs protection as soon as possible especially with human communities living around it and the pressure that they have for land and resources.

EPE: After ascending and descending so many very difficult trails in the dense rainforests do think your discovery is worth the stress?

Dr. Sally : I did not see it as being stressful but I regret that I did not have enough time to spend more days in the forest as to fully appreciate the area. I am always happy to go up mountains, and through swamps to see areas that are important for the conservation of wildlife and the environment.

EPE: You visited CWCS in Douala and ERuDeF in Buea, what do you take back to Rainforest from Cameroon?

Dr. Sally : Am very impressed with both NGOs and I hope to find more national NGOs in Cameroon. Cameroon has a very biological and ethically diverse culture. To receive the attention that it should have. I found some very dedicated people in Cameroon and hope to find more to hopefully fund some more projects in this country.

EPE: ERuDeF sent you proposal for the conservation of these areas you have visited, what do you think about that proposal especially after being to these areas yourself?

Dr. Sally : I cannot say much at this juncture, but the reason I am here is because we were already impressed with the initial proposal. So that is why I was asked to come here and evaluate ERuDeF as an organization and also do a quick evaluation of the conservation areas.

EPE: What can you say about the expedition team, the staff, the field guides and the porters who spent time with during your trip?

Dr. Sally : It was excellent! Everybody was very kind and very knowledgeable and I enjoyed all the exchanges that we had out there in the camps in the forests. The guides showed how much knowledge they had about the forest and wildlife. It’s all very good.

EPE: I admire your strength because at 66 you are able to do all these; journeying to Muanengouba, Tofala and Mak-Betchou. Where do you get this strength?

Dr. Sally : I get my strength from my ancestors just like the Africans do.

EPE: Any last words for ERuDeF?

Dr. Sally : Courage! That is what I can say. I know it is difficult to get funding. You have a lot of good projects on the ground already. I hope that we will be able to provide all the funding that you need for Tofala Hills and Mak-Betchou projects…it’s been a great pleasure to be here and I expect to be back some time next year to see the progress you have made on the projects.

Conducted By Ngwa Elvis Suh A.

15 June 2016

MBZ, regenerating Microberlina bisulcata in the Mt Cameroon Area

Posted in News, Views 630

MBZ, regenerating Microberlina bisulcata in the Mt Cameroon Area

Over 1600 seedlings of Microberlinia bisulcata locally called Zingana have been planted into the Meme River and Southern Bakundu Forest Reserves as a way of regenerating this threatened species which has suffered wanton exploitation from community members and illegal exploiters over the years. The seedlings planted by the Kumba Council, were raised by the Chief of Forestry and Wildlife Post (CP) of Mbonge Mr. Amba Ndongo Cyprian.

“After attending a series of onsite trainings organized by the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) on the identification of the tree species, seed collection and nursery management, I decided to set up a nursery besides my house” Mr. Amba said

Launched in 2015 to save one of the last viable populations of Microberlinia bisulcata (in the Mokoko Forest Reserve), the ‘Save Microberlinia bisulcata project’ funded by the Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund has had a lot of impact on both the Microberlinia plant species and the community of the Mokoko area.

The project was conceived on the basis of lack of knowledge on the conservation status of the species by the local population, the inability of local Chiefs of Forestry Posts to identify the tree species and the fact that past attempts to prevent the wanton logging of the species were not entirely successful. The project thus explored a new strategy; the collaboration of Village Forest Management Committees (VFMCs) and local Chiefs of Forestry Posts and Wildlife in the Mokoko area to guarantee success.

According to the Project Coordinator Ms Tengem Adeline, the role of local communities in the fight against the illegal exploitation of the species cannot be over looked. “We wanted to form a synergy between the VFMCs and CPs to support this fight on the ground. This entailed lots of sensitization and workshops at community and village levels’’ she explains.

Workshops aimed at empowering local authorities to take up the struggle to save Zingana were organized in the Mokoko Area.

“Barely eight months after heeding to ERuDeF’s advice I am already reaping…. I was encouraged and set up a Zingana nursery after the September 2015 meeting. Just last month (May 2016), I sold 1600 seedlings of Zingana to the Kumba Council that fetched me some cool 800,000francs”’ Mr. Amba, the CP of Mbonge testified.

“I saved money for my children’s education and I am hoping to sell the rest for further expansion of the nursery”, he added.

The fight has not however been limited to nursery development; VFMCs have joined CPs in conducting patrols at the Mokoko area in order to scare illegal exploiters.

According to the CP of Illoani Mr. Osang Johnson Ekwale who heads the patrol team, illegal forest exploitation activities are on a decline in the area.

‘This decline in illegal exploitation of Zingana is being attributed to the constant presence of the patrol teams in the forest and possibly the decrease in the price of Zingana’ he said.

According to ERuDeF’s Director of Forestry, Ms Limbi Blessing, there is hope for the critically endangered Microberlinia bisulcata.

The President/CEO of ERuDeF, Louis Nkembi , on his part says a lot has been achieved within the one year life span of the project.

“Within one year of the project, we have been able to bring the principal stakeholders of the project who are supposed to be the custodians of the area, the Village Forest Management committee and staff of MINFOF to recognize the importance of this tree. This has led to Regional Delegate of MINFOF placing a temporary ban on the exploitation of this species” Mr. Louis said.

He also disclosed that a technical report has been sent to MINFOF recommending total ban on the exploitation of this species as it was done with Bobinga in East Cameroon.

The ERuDeF boss said achieving the goal of the project was mingling with a number challenges including limited funding, administrative bottle necks and no collaboration from a logging concession in the Mokoko area.

With the ‘Save Microberlinia bisulcata project’ officially coming to an end, the ERuDeF President/CEO called on the international community to join force with ERuDeF and support the organization to obtain a total ban on the exploitation of this tree species that is endemic to the Mount Cameroon Area.

He expressed gratitude to the Cameroon government through MINFOF, the VFMCs and the local communities for their collaboration in this project. Mr. Louis was particularly grateful to Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund for her financial support hoping that funding could be extended.

15 June 2016


Posted in News, Views 664


Some 6 NGOs in the Central African Sub Region have agreed to join forces in fighting against Great Ape Extinction in the Central African Sub region.

These NGOs include MBOU MON TOUR of D.R Congo, The Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) and the Tropical Forest and Rural Development (TF-RD) from Cameroon, the Association Protectrice des Grands Senges De la Moukalaba from Gabon, Endangered Species International from Republic of Congo, and the Groupe d’Appui a la Conservation des Ecosystemes de Basankusu et Bolomba (GACEBB) from D.R Congo.

Meeting in Nkala, Democratic Republic of Congo from 18th to 23rd of April 2016, these NGOs came up with new strategies against forest degradation, habitat fragmentation, poaching and illegal wildlife trade that have placed Africa’s great ape species at the risk of extinction within the past century

Some of these strategies included the need to strengthen members of the network, promote good governance and best managerial practices and most importantly mobilise funds for research, development and valorisation of work and research results of the networks’ members.

The workshop culminated in the adoption of a six month roadmap for the network with emphasis on key thematic areas like biodiversity conservation, climate change, landscape restoration and sustainable development.

According to the IUCN PPI Manager for Central Africa Sub Region, Mr. Thomas Bacha, the workshop was organised against the backdrop of growing conservation challenges in Africa.

“The general situation of biodiversity conservation in Central Africa region has degraded over the years despite successes made in some specific areas.......the political and socio-economic situations in the countries in the Central African region has further compounded the situation making concerted effort against wildlife poaching an urgent necessity”Mr. Bacha said.

Participants said the workshop came at the opportuned moment

“The workshop helped me in understanding conservation challenges faced by other NGOs in the Central African Sub Region and how they are managing their challenges”said ERuDeF’s Director of Wildlife, Mr. Tabi Allen

The workshop was organised with financial and technical support from the French Committee and PPI

15 June 2016

Over 4000 Trees Planted for Threatened Trees Conservation at MCNP

Posted in News, Views 554

Over 4000 Trees Planted for Threatened Trees Conservation at MCNP

“These trees planted at the Mount Cameroon National Park (MCNP) border will aid reduce adjacent communities’ dependence on the park’s resources given that they will have to harvest these trees at the peripheries for sustenance in times to come” says the Conservator of MCNP.

He was speaking at the end of a tree planting exercise undertaking May, 2016 at the peripheral zones of the park by the Environment and Rural Development Foundation in collaboration with the Park Authorities and Village Forest Management Committees (VFMC) some adjacent villages.

Over 4000 seedlings of threatened trees species including Prunus africana (pygeum), Entandrophragma angolensis (mahogany) and (Azobe) Lophira alata were along beacons I to J of the Park line covering a distance of 5.96km with a 1.6m spacing to ensure effective hedge formation between the Park and the communities.

The tree planting exercise according to Mr Besong Simon, falls in line with the Park’s objective of tracing the peripheral zones of the park with trees that are economically beneficial to the both the park management and the communities.

“We wanted to use trees that are adapted to the ecosystem of the Mt Cameroon and also trees that have an economic value to both the park and the communities. This vision which is shared both by ERuDeF and the park service led to the establishment of a nursery by ERuDeF which they are this day transplanting to the park border” Mr Besong said.

He also disclosed that the Park Service is also raising over 5000 seedlings of prunus to continue with the planting exercise.

Village Forest Management Communities and community members, who took part in the tree planting exercise, were impressed with the initiative

“This is a great step which ERuDeF and the Park have taken; regenerating Prunus and other timber and NTFP species is going to provide a steady source of timber and NTFPs to our communities at the same time conserving the biodiversity of the park” said Emmanuel Matute, Councilor of Bonakanda village.

He was very contented with the type of species chosen for the exercise

“Mahogany will serve as timber for community development projects such as construction of community halls, bridges etc. Meanwhile pygeum will serve both as timber and NTFP to communities due to its medicinal value” Mr. Matute added.

It is hoped that wind and insects will also assist in dispersing seeds in the future from the mother into the National Park for natural regeneration.

The tree planting exercise is in line with ERuDeF’s objective of conserving globally threatened trees found in the MCNP and other degraded landscapes. Since the inception of the project, close to 17000 seedlings of threatened trees have been planted into two secured Community Forests: Bakingili and Woteva.

The tree planting exercise was carried out with the support of Fauna and Flora international UK and the Mohamed bin Zed Foundation.

By Tengem Adeline

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