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09 December 2013

The Mt Bamboutos Echinops giganteus Project increases its Community Buy-in

Posted in News, Views 1351

Mt Bamboutos

After one year of the implementation of the Mt Bamboutos Echinops giganteus Project, some 120 Farmers in the Magha-Bamumbu pilot community resolved to increase their participation in the project through the domestication of the Echinops giganteus plant. These Farmers will be responsible for the production, collection and supply of the roots of the plants for eventual commercialisation. This follows a 10-day field visit during the month of September carried out by the Project Assistant, Lea Kenmene to register all family heads in the project area. Out of the over 160 family heads present in the Magha Community, 120 accepted to domesticate the plant. The aim of involving the local community in the domestication of this plant is to permit the indigenes derive their own benefits from the valorization of the natural resource. The farmers were schooled on the socio-economic importance of the plant including its pharmaceutical and essential oil potentials. They received the idea of domesticating the plant with a lot of happiness.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) provides the general legal framework within which mechanisms concerning the Access Benefit Sharing principle of natural resources is conducted. The actual implementation of the ABS in Cameroon is expected to be largely at the national level. The Echinops giganteus project is the first project of its kind trying to concretize the Access and Benefit Sharing principle in Cameroon.

Since the launching of the project in 2012, there has been a huge success in the research and testing of the plant to unravel real value of the plant. The Echinops giganteus project is funded by French charity, Man & Nature.

By Lea Alida Kenmene

09 December 2013

Trees for the Future Cameroon Program holds evaluation meeting

Posted in News, Views 1118

US Charity Trees for the Future Cameroon Program has held a meeting to evaluate their performance for 2013 and also to plan for the year 2014. The meeting took place on November 26, 2013 at the Program's Office in Buea, SW Cameroon and was chaired by the Country Coordinator, Louis Nkembi. Top on the agenda was the review of 2013 activities and assessing the 2014 plan of action.

A brief review of 2013 activities from January to November was presented by the Program Assistant, Neba Kingsley with much emphasis on number of trees planted so far and a review of some of the challenges faced. He revealed during the meeting that over 1500 Cameroonians in four regions notably Northwest, Southwest, West and Littoral regions are benefiting from Trees for the Future Cameroon activities. Mr. Neba explained that in line with the Program's objectives for 2013, a 75% success rate has been achieved this far and given that some farmers are still in the process of transplanting, the targeted 150,000 trees per division could be achieved before the end of the year. Strategies to ensure the remaining 25% of work is met before the close of the year were also discussed. The Program Coordinator also announced that in 2014 the Trees for the Future Program in Cameroon would introduce the Forest Garden Approach. He explained that the Forest garden approach would be more business focus to enable the farmer to start reaping economic benefits as soon as possible. He proceeded to explain that it was a three phase project involving soil health improvement, introducing commercial trees and linking the private sector to the Farmers. With this approach in mind, the team resolved that they were going to work with Farmers Unions to ease accountability, monitoring and evaluation.

It was also revealed that in 2014, more emphasis would be laid on protection of watersheds notably Mount Cameroon, Mount Bamboutous and Mount Oku.

By Limbi Blessing Tata

12 November 2013

Green Vision Newspaper bridging knowledge gap in local Communities

Posted in News, Views 1298

Over 500 Copies with environmental news reach rural people

GV 2Knowledge they say is power, power to transform a people and power to transform a society. Since the birth of the Green Vision Newspaper which seeks to educate the people about the environment and get every member of the society in protecting the environment, the response from Cameroonians have been enormous. Since its birth, a total of 6000 copies have been produced and distributed nationwide. But probably what is more interesting is how people in enclave communities most of whom radio and television signals do not reach have embraced the Green Vision and are using the knowledge to contribute to conservation. From June to November, the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) through its Livelihood & Economic Development/Education program, has distributed over 500 copies of the Green Vision Newspaper to some communities in the Lebialem Highlands including Nkong, Essoh-attah, Besali, Bechati to name these.

GVThe people have embraced the paper and testified that it helps them to understand more about conservation and why they need to get more involved to protect the richly endowed Lebialem Highlands with the presence of globally protected species such as the Cross River Gorillas, Nigeria-Cameroon Chimp, African Forest Elephants to name these.

12 November 2013

Volunteer with ERuDeF and Help save Cross River Gorillas

Posted in News, Views 1808

The Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) is proud to announce the recruitment of its 2014 Volunteers to take part in the Cross River Gorilla and other great apes Expedition in the Lebialem Highlands SW Cameroon. Since 2008, ERuDeF has recruited over 300 Volunteers from different parts of the globe. These volunteers have visited the dense tropical rainforest in the Lebialem Highlands to track the Cross River Gorillas and other great apes. As 2014 approaches, the organisation is launching the next search for volunteers to get the chance of experiencing the African rain forest. Volunteer with us today and save a Cross River Gorilla. Find below the various dates available to volunteer with us for 2014.


IVP DATES FOR 2014

a) The six weeks volunteering programme

DATE OF ARRIVAL       DATE OF DEPARTURE

1) January 12, 2014     February 23, 2014

2 February 9, 2014      March 23, 2014

3 March 9, 2014          April 20, 2014

4 April 13, 2014           May 25, 2014

5 May 11, 2014           June 22, 2014

6 June 8, 2014            July 20, 2014

7 July 13, 2014           August 24, 2014

8 August 10, 2014       September 21, 2012

9 Sept.14, 2014          October 26, 2014

10 Oct. 12, 2014         November 23, 2014

11 Nov. 9, 2014          December 21, 2014

 

b) The One Month Volunteering Programme

DATE OF ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE

1 January 12, 2014

2 February 9, 2014

3 March 9, 2014

4 April 13, 2014

5 May 11, 2014

6 June 8, 2014

7 July 13, 2014

8 August 10,2014

9 September 14, 2014

10 October 12, 2014

11 November 9, 2014

12 December 14 2014 (Departure Date Only)

 

The two week volunteering programme

DATE OF ARRIVAL    DATE OF DEPARTURE

1 January 12, 2014    January 26, 2014

2 February 9, 2014    February 23, 2014

3 March 9, 2014        March 23, 2014

4 April 13, 2014         April 27, 2014

5 May 11, 2014         May 25, 2014

6 June 8, 2014          June 22, 2014

7 July 13, 2014         July 27, 2014

8 August 10,2014      August 24, 2014

9 Sept. 14, 2014       September 28, 2014

10 Oct. 12, 2014       October 26, 2014

11 Nov. 9, 2014         November 23, 2014

 

The aim of this program is to promote awareness and protect the Cross River Gorillas and other globally protected species in the Lebialem Highlands.  The IVP has two main components namely: Gorilla tracking; during tracking, key observations include sighting of nesting sites, direct sighting, vocalisation, feeding signs and moving tracks of apes are recorded. Conservation education is equally another aspect of the IVP program whereby the Volunteer gets to partake into school and community conservation education. The different Forest areas that Volunteers for ERuDeF visit include but not limited to

1) PROPOSED TOFALA HILL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

Tofala mapThe proposed Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary is located between longitudes 598006m and 609830m and latitude 615778m and 634006m. The area is characterised by an undulated landscape from Bechati (365m) in the lower altitudes to Fossimondi (2400m) in the higher altitudes, with a chain of peaks notably the Tofala Hill (866m). The area has a humid tropical climate with an average rainfall of about 3,500mm, (Gartlan, 1989) and a distinct dry (November to February) and rainy (March to October) seasons. Daily temperatures vary between 20°c and 35°c, with the peak in March. The soil composition varies with altitude: humid volcanic soils with average fertility in the higher altitudes around Fossimondi and sandy soils with the lowest fertility around Bechati, in the lower altitudes. The area falls within the tropical lowland rainforests and varies from the lowland rainforest, through sub montane to a montane forest.

The area harbors two great apes species: the critically endangered Cross River gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli) and the most endangered subspecies of the African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes ellioti) (Oates et al, 2007 and Bethan et al 2010). Other large mammals found within this site include: Drills (Mandrillus leucophaeus) endemic to this region, Bush baby (Peridicticus pottos), Putty-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans) and the Red-eared monkey (Cercopithecus erythrotis). Also, this area has a viable population of some globally threatened species of birds which inclue: Bannerman's turaco (Turaco bannermani), Banded wattled-eye (Plastysteira laticincta), Cameroon Montane Greenbul (Andropadus montanus), Bannerman's weaver (Ploceus bannermani), Red headed Picathartes (Picathartes gymnocephalus), Green Breasted Bush-Shrike (Malaconotus gladiator) and Bangwa forest wabbler (Bradypterus bangwaensis).

About 19 villages are adjacent this area, some of which include: Bamumbu, Igumbo, Banti, Folepi, Bechati, Besali, Bangang, Nkong and Fossimondi. Socio-economic activities in these villages are focused on forest exploitation such as: farming (with principal crops being palms, plantain, and cocoyam), hunting/poaching of wildlife species, and harvesting of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs). They are also involved in aspects of petty trading, minor scale fishing, and local crafting like weaving of local baskets for income generation.

2) BECHATI-MONE FOREST CORRIDOR

Mak Betcho Forest Area WEBBechati Mone Forest Corridor forms part of the Lebialem-Mone Forest Landscape, located in the Northern parts of South West Region. This area is located specifically between the UTM coordinates 560000m and 630000m and longitude 570000m and 630000m with an area of approximately 40,000 hectares.

It lies within the equatorial rainforest zone characterized by two (2) major seasons; the dry season (Nov-Feb) and the wet season (Mar-Oct), with the peak in August. Its altitude ranges from 130 to 1200 m a.s.l, giving rise to two broad vegetation types; the lowland forest and the sub-montane forest. This vegetation accounts for the huge flora and fauna diversity of the area.

Large mammals found in the site include two species of great apes; Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli), chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes vellerosus), which are critically endangered and endangered respectively. Other large mammals found in the site include: forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer), the bay duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis), peter's duikers (Cephalophus callipygus), the white-nosed monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans), Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona), red tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) and the red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus).

So far about 28 villages are adjacent this forest site, some of which include: Kugwe, Anemafon, Nyeneba, Fumbe, Ewa, Etuko Mile 22, Nchinda, Kekpoti, Numba, Ditche 1, Ditche 2, Bokwa and Kendem. Socio-economic activities of the people surrounding this forest include: farming (with principal crops being cocoa and plantain), hunting of wildlife species for subsistence and commercial purposes, collection of Non Timber Forest Products. They are also involved in large scale fishing, petty trading and palm oil production for commercial reasons.

3) Mak-Betchou Forest Block (ANDU Forest Site)

The Mak-Betchou Forest Block constitutes one of the six forest blocks that make up the Lebialem-Mone Forest Landscape. It is located within the UTM Grid Zone 32, specifically between the longitudes 586000m and 596000 m and 598000m and 606000m, with a surface area of about 22,000 hectares.

This area also lies within the Equatorial rainforest zone characterized by two (02) main seasons; two (2) major seasons; the dry season which runs from November-February and the wet season which runs from March-October, with the peak rainfall in the August. The annual rainfall recorded in the area is as high as 3500mm (Gartlan, 1989). Its altitude ranges from about 300m to about 1400m a.s.l. This altitudinal variation gives rise to two main types of vegetation: the lowland and the Sub montane forest which makes this area unique in terms of flora and fauna diversity.

Great ape species found in this area include the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes ellioti), the most endangered of the African Chimpanzee. Other large mammals found in this area include: the forest elephant (Loxondata africana), Drills (Mandrillus leuceuphaus), Bush baby (Potto), Blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola), Red River hog (Potamochoerus Porcus), Red eared monkey (Cercopithecus erythrotis) and Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona). Also, this area is a home to some globally threatened species of birds such as: the Cameroon Montane Greenbul (Andropadus montanus), Crossley's Ground thrush (Zoothera prince), Bangwa forest warbler (Bradypterus bangweasis), Green breasted bush shrike (Malacontus cruentus) and Red headed picathartes (Picathartes oreas).

About 15 villages are adjacent this forest block, some of which include: Essoh Attah, Njorgwi, Lechataw, Minka, Andu, Fotabong II, Fotabong III, Njentse and Ngoh. These communities depend on the forest and its resources for survival. The main activities of the local people inhabiting the adjacent communities include: farming (with principal crops being cocoa), hunting, fishing and collection of Non-Timber Forest Products especially the bush mango (irvingia gabonesis).

 

Eco Tourism in Cameroon

Limbe Wildlife CenterApart from visiting the rainforest, the volunteer equally has the opportunity of visiting some of the luxurious tourist sites in the country including the Limbe Wildlife Center which harbours 300 animals in captivity including 49 Chimpanzees, 16 gorillas, 93 drills, 15 mandrills, 14 baboons, just to name these. The Volunteer would equally get a chance to spend a cozy time along the black sandy beach of the Atlantic ocean. Depending on the choice of the Volunteer, S/he can also take a trip to some of the beautiful historic sites of the country and visit rare sites like the Lake Awing in the Northwest region and the beautiful white sandy beach of Kribi.


Thrilling Testimonies from Volunteers

 

HannahMy name is Hanna Maija Lahtinen and I am from Finland. I spent two months in the forest doing monitoring of great apes and my most unforgettable moment was when I saw an Elephant in Andu I following fresh tracks in the forest. I equally enjoyed working with the children in the community. We had a great time planting trees.

 

JohnMy name is John Michael Daniels and I am 68 years old. I come from the UK and my two-months stay in Cameroon was one of the best experiences of my life. I had a unique experience in an incredible environment with excellent support from ERuDeF staff. The moments in the forest are unforgettable.

 

100 1495 NoriI am called Noori Neena Dua and I come from the Unitd States of America. I spent one month both in the forest and in the community of Besali. While in the forest, I learnt a lot about gorillas, chimps, monkeys and wildlife in general. Hearing the vocalisations of these apes at night in the camp was a wonderful experience. I equally enjoyed talking to the villagers in the communities and it gave me the opportunity to understand the daily struggles they go through.

 

SAM 1678 Polo ClairMy name is Polo Claire and I come from France. It was such an interesting experience going through the rainforest in the rainy season, living in the rainforest and in a way different from the European way; I got vocalization of gorillas/chimpanzees etc and saw signs of other wild animals. The hiking was rather challenging but was good all the same.

08 November 2013

ERuDeF Launches Phase II of the Project: Conservation of threatened treesat Mt Cameroon

Posted in News, Views 1364

Participants pose after the launching of phase two of project

Supported by UK Charity Fauna & Flora International/Global Tree Campaign Program, the Environment & Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) has officially launched the second phase of the project to conserve and restore threatened trees in the Mt. Cameroon area.The launching took place on October 28, at the Southwest Regional Delegation of Forestry and Wildlife, MINFOF, Buea.

This second phase will run from October 2013 to August 2016.

The five-year project, which started in August 2011 and is being carried out by ERuDeF in collaboration with MINFOF South West, entered phase two with over 10,000 new seedlings envisaged in secured areas in the Mt. Cameroon area.

The project covers the Mt. Cameroon area including the adjacent lowland forest of Mokoko Forest Reserve, proposed forest reserves of Onge and Mabeta Moliwe, where most of these threatened trees are found.

Project Coordinator, Asa'a Lemawah, said they aim at inducing a 50% reduction in illegal logging and building the capacity of at least four collaborative communities within the Mt. Cameroon area on sylvi-cultural techniques by 2016.

Asa'a enumerated successes of the first phase including the raising of awareness on project activities and its relevance to members of over 21 communities and other stakeholders, the identification of 17 threatened tree species out of 26 of the IUCN list and establishment of community nurseries at Bomana, Bakingili, Bafia, Bova I and Bonjare with each nursery having a total of about 1.200 seedlings of the threatened trees.

The Coordinator said the project has facilitated the understanding of threatened trees within the Mt. Cameroon National Park.

"Equally, communities which were hitherto ignorant have been sensitized and they now understand that some trees are threatened and need to be conserved. These people have gotten involved in the process and now take care of their community nurseries," Asa'a said.

She said after raising trees and planting them in the wild, the forest adjacent community becomes the owner of the trees.

"The trees will be planted in the farms along the buffer zones of the park and some at the borders of the park to support the need of fuel wood for local people. Farmers will exploit wood from their farms and will not have to invade the national park for wood," said Asa'a. She said the project will equally help farmers increase their income through sustainable exploitation of non-forest timber products (NTFPs), adding that seeds of trees like the afrostyrax commonly referred to as "country onions", a valued condiment in the Cameroon cuisine, would be harvested and sold, thus boosting income of local people.

According to Asa'a, they also raised a 20,000 capacity central tree nursery and community nurseries where a total of over 25.000 of seven threatened tree species have been nursed and will be planted out in natural habitats within buffer zones of the Mt. Cameroon National Park and its borders.

The South West Regional Delegate of Forestry and Wildlife, Eben Samuel Ebai, commended these achievements and suggested that many more communities be included in the second phase of the project.

Speaking to The Green Vision, ERuDeF CEO, Louis Nkembi, said the project: "Conservation of Threatened Trees at Mt. Cameroon" was developed with the support of major partners like Fauna & Flora International and Global Trees Campaign with a vision to increase the capacity of local stakeholders in the Mt. Cameroon forest area to conserve and restore threatened trees.

Nkembi said the project target was to raise 30.000 seedlings resulting from the fact that Mt. Cameroon was recently identified as a priority for threatened trees with 15 of the country's critically endangered trees like Microberlinia bisulcata (zebrawood), Entandrophragma (mahogany), Prunus Africana (Pygeum) found in the mountain area, which are highly threatened by farmland acquisition, logging and hunting.

"It is in this light that ERuDeF is working with MINFOF regional collaborators to promote the conservation of threatened trees within the Mt. Cameroon area," the ERuDeF boss said.

Meanwhile, the MINFOF Regional Delegate noted that the depletion of biodiversity in the country via indiscriminate harvesting started in 1972 with focus on Prunus Africana. Then just two years ago, the Chinese developed interest in Bobinga.

"1.5 cubic metres of Bobinga was selling at a whooping 1.5 million FCFA cash in Douala. The trend is now moving to the critically endangered zebrawood and there has been massive exploitation in the Mt. Cameroon area," Eben Ebai said.

The Delegate, therefore, called on all stakeholders to intensify efforts and save this wood.

He equally advised that illegal loggers be brought on board so that they can seek ways to reforest Mt. Cameroon's deforested areas.

By Bertrand N. Shancho

08 November 2013

Mak-Betchou Forest Block In State Of Deforestation

Posted in News, Views 1304

Deforestation of Mak-Betchou puts lives of some rare species of plants and animals in danger

The biodiversity hotspot Mak-Betchou forest block located in the Lebialem Highlands of South West Cameroon is facing an unprecedented deforestation by the adjacent local populations. Large areas of the forest are cleared for cocoa, coffee and palm plantations. This anthropogenic activity has tremendous effect on the biodiversity of the Mak-Betchou Forest Block.

Deforestation it would be noted is one of the major causes of biodiversity loss in many tropical forest landscapes. Deforestation involves the continuous conversion of forest to the remnant of forest patches set in a matrix of non-forest vegetation. The altered microclimate becomes unsuitable for certain species by reducing the fragment size further, increasing mortality rates near the edge and reducing recruitment to their populations. The tropical forest ecosystem is often characterized by a heavy dependency on mutualistic species interactions for its stability. Many plant species in the tropical forests are reliant on animals as agents of dispersal for either pollen or seeds or both, if habitat fragmentation causes the extinction of certain important pollinating or seed-dispersing animals, this severely limits regeneration of rare plant species.

If nothing is done to stop the rate of deforestation in the Mak-Betchou forest block, abundant of species will become occasional rare, rare become very rare and very rare becomes extinct.

Mak-Betchou is a forest block located in the Lebialem Highlands of South West Cameroon. The highland runs from 180m to 2510m above sea level on the western side of Mount Bamboutous along the Cameroon mountain chain and falls within the equatorial rainforest zone characterized by two major seasons; the dry season (November-February) and the wet season (March-October). The annual rainfall recorded in the area is as high as 3500mm. The climate is characterized at high altitudes by low temperatures, low rainfalls, high relative humidity and the mountain is often covered in clouds.

The high annual rainfall may have given rise to the high diversity of plants and animal species in this area. The forest block contains African forest elephant (Loxondonta africana cyclotis), Cross River gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli), Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes eliotti), Drills (Mandrillus leucophaeus), 18 globally threatened birds including the Bannerman's Turaco and Banded Wattle-eye as well as a number of endangered reptiles, insects, amphibians and butterflies.

The Mak-Betchou forest block act as a major stepping stone for the movement of wildlife to other adjacent protected areas such as the Banyan-Mbo Sanctuary in the west, the proposed Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary in north and the Mone Wildlife Reserve and Takamande National park in the far-north. There is therefore need for concerted effort to fight deforestation in this zone.

By Enokenwa Allen Tabi

08 November 2013

The Environment and sustainable development in the Cameroon press

Posted in News, Views 1713

A Review of the 4th Edition of The Green Vision Newspaper

The Environment and sustainable development in the Cameroon press

 Korup National Park Declines as Gov't Drags Feet

In the October edition of The Green Vision Newspaper, the paper explores the deteriorating situation of one of the richest national parks in the country-Korup National Park. According to The Green Vision Newspaper, fingers are pointing at government for the deteriorating performance and management of the conservation hot spot and tourist destination. The paper reports that until some eight months ago, the Korup National Park straddling Mundemba in Ndian and Eyumojock in Manyu Divisions in the South West Region, seemed to be functioning fairly well.

The national park started a tailspin when anti-poaching patrols were cut down, fake cash receipts issued against false financial claims set in, The Green Vision has learnt.

"The management of Korup is failing and corruption is biting into the park's management. Normally, eco-guards are supposed to go for anti-poaching patrols for 20 days of the month and are supposed to receive 3000 frs cfa each as daily subsistence. But for the last eight months, since a new conservator was installed in December 2012, this has not been the case," reads a letter eco-guard Obellayukasong Darling Johnson wrote to the Programme for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, PSMNR, Buea, a copy of which The Green Vision procured

Bomboko Forest Reserve Falls to Encroachers

The Green Vision Newspaper equally reports about one of Cameroon's oldest forest reserves which has been abandoned by government and fallen into the hands of encroachers. According to the paper, the more than 500 hectares of forest reserve could have been saved if the government had not retrenched most of the workers in the 90s. Over 1000 infiltrators including farmers have practically elbowed out government in the Bomboko Forest Reserve in Mbonge Subdivision, SW Cameroon. The encroachers barked the trees, burnt them down, use chemicals to kill weed and planted cocoyams, cassava, plantains and other cash crops. The reserve that was created in 1939 provided employment for over 1500 workers who were gradually laid off. The Green Vision reports that what sealed the fate of the reserve began in the nineties when government retrenched most of the workers and left only a few forest guards to control the reserve. The natives and the population around who needed farmland plunged into the reserve and started farming. The Chief of Bomboko recalled having grown up and met the forest as a virgin forest. The forest had an immense wildlife population with lions and elephants but today, the animals are no longer there. The depletion of the forest the chief lamented has brought untold hardship and lack of water.

Poverty, Unemployment Drive wanton destruction of mangroves

The Green Vision reports that between 1980 and 2006, the country lost 28% of its mangrove forests to desperate warriors who cut them to survive. The paper explains that the harvesters go down deep into the creeks of the Tiko shores in the SW Region, cut the trees and haul them by canoe to the beaches for splitting into firewood for sale. The harvesters explained that they are aware of the negative impacts of cutting down these trees but they don't have a choice because it is their source of livelihood. Mangroves are supposed to contribute in protecting Cameroon from rising sea levels, floods and global warming. In a bid to intensify the conservation of marine biodiversity and reduce the depletion of the country's mangrove ecosystem,, the Minister of Environment, Nature Protection for sustainable development launched a 3billion frs cfa project for the conservation and sustainable management of mangroves ranging from Tiko creeks to Rio del Rey.

Muyuka Farmers Cry Out For 420-million Cassava Factory

The Green Vision equally takes the reader into the plight of Cassava Farmers in Muyuka Subdivision who were jilted by government of a 420-million Frs cfa cassava factory. According to the paper, Cassava Farmers in Muyuka, Fako Division, SW Cameroon had long given up trying to get government to build them a factory three years ago with a FIDA (International Fund for the Development of Agriculture) loan of 420 million frs cfa. The farmers have raised their voices once more urging government to act and make the cassava transforming factory not just a dream but a reality. The Farmers explained that once they were told a grant of 420million had been granted through the Cameroon's Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development to construct a factory, they knew finally they were going to be relieved from the burden of manual labour. The cassava factory which never got to the people was going to have mechanical peelers that could peel cassava, a grater component, cassava presser, pre-cleaner, rotary garri fryers and could crush 14 tons of garri a day. News of the coming of this factory caused the farmers to extend their farms with cassava which eventually got rotten. Yet three years on, the Farmers have not seen any machine and the land on which the factory was supposed to be constructed has been given out to a petrol station called BOCOM.

 

Compiled by Regina Fonjia Leke

08 November 2013

Ban on Exploitation of Bubinga Wood Makes Zigana(Microbelinia bisulcata) Next Target

Posted in News, Views 1173

Need for more concerted effort

Recently there has been a sharp rise in the demand for the threatened tree species Microberlinia bisulcata in the Cameroon timber market following a recent ban by the Cameroon government on the highly sought timber species Guibourtia mannii commonly known as Bubinga. Bubinga, is used in high-end furniture, drum shells and in both acoustic and electric guitars for its figure and hardness. The local and international demand for Zingana has thus, become alarming. Sources reveal that in the last two to three years, a cubic metre of Bubinga sold at a whooping 1.5million FCFA in Douala. This brisk business almost led to the extinction of the species in the Mt Cameroon area. Recent survey has now demonstrated that the trend in demand especially by the Chinese has moved away from Bubinga now to Microbelinia bisulcata commonly known as Zigana. Remnants of Zingana found in the Mokoko Forest Reserve and adjacent forests are being extracted wantonly to make up for this gap. These are sold to international markets which are in dire need of the timber sawn from this species. ERuDeF, together with her foreign partners Fauna and Flora International (FFI), Global Trees Campaign (GTC) and the South West Regional services of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF) have been working together within the Mt Cameroon area where this species is found since 2011 to ensure that the status of the species is restored through propagation and restocking of the species in the wild. With over 17,000 threatened trees seedlings being propagated in nurseries within the area by ERuDeF, these species will be planted out in the buffer zones around the Mt Cameroon National Park. The call for concern however remains on the sustainability of these trees when eventually planted out in the wild. It becomes very imperative for the government to consider measures of reducing or putting an end to the extinction of threatened species.

Recently, in most countries, timber obtaining policies have been considered and implemented by public agencies, trade associations, and private companies in many traditional tropical timber markets. In order to address public concerns about the environmental credentials of products made from timber, criteria is added into the decision making process. Many purchasers are demanding that timber products come from sustainable, or legal sources that can be traced, in order to maintain credibility with public opinion. These types of policies have significant implications for tropical timber suppliers if fully implemented and need to be considered as well.

There is a therefore a dire need for tropical timber producing countries such as Cameroon, to understand the human resources, cost implications and possible benefits that could be derived from the implementation of adequate measures. These should meet the criteria set in procurement policies in tropical timber importing countries.

More than 60 percent of Cameroon's rainforests are under management systems that emphasize sustainability, yet further reform is needed. Deeper recognition of the customary rights of all people who depend on Cameroon's forests, regardless of ethnicity, is vital. Cameroon needs qualified eco-investors to sustain conservation and diminish reliance on timber production.

By Asa'a Lemawah

08 November 2013

Lea Nature supports ERuDeF reforestation program in Magha Community(Bamumbu Village)

Posted in News, Views 1123

15000 trees to restore Magha village degraded landscape

La-natureFrench Charity Lea Nature has granted the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) 3000 Euros to kick off the pilot phase of the reforestation of the degraded landscapes of Magha Community (Bamumbu Village) in SW Cameroon, by planting about 15000 trees. The decision was made known on September 5, 2013, following a selection process by a Selection Committee of the organization. The project consists the planting of over 15000 trees for the regeneration of the disappearing forest of Magha village.

The project will equally permit the planting of indigenous plant species in the area such as Salix ledermannii Seemen , Prunus africana ( Hook.f. ) Kalkman or Nuxia congesta R.Br. ex Fresen.

DSCN8756

 

 

Deforested Magha landscape to be reforested

 

A total of ten species will be planted which will help in

greening Magha village as well as protect key water catchments. It will equally help to ameliorate the income of villagers given that some of the plants have commercial value. Economic and medicinal trees such as Prunus africana would generate income for the local populations and at the same time permit them to contribute in the reforestation program. The regeneration site for the project would be the area that suffered a massive landslide in 2003 claiming 23 lives and leaving hundreds homeless.

By the end of the year, a presentation to the Chief and elites of Magha will be organized to assess the success of the project and to ascertain how much the people have benefitted from it. ERuDeF is thankful to Groupe Léa Nature for this support. This year, Group Lea Nature celebrates 20 years of commitment to the protection of the environment. The group works with different brands including cosmetics, food, health and diet notably Jardin BIO'logique, Floressance also known as Nature System. All these brands sell products from organic matter and they believe in fair trade. A portion of the profits from sales allows Lea Nature Foundation to celebrate their anniversary by planting 200,000 trees worldwide.

This support would help ERuDeF's efforts in reforesting the degraded landscape of Magha however, ERuDeF looks forward for support to sensitize the communities and also to create a community forest in Magha .

 

By Manuella Huque

08 November 2013

Palm Oil Mills Helping Conservation Efforts in the Lebialem Highlands

Posted in News, Views 1296

One of the five installed modern palm oil mills in the Tofala area

Over 200 families have benefited from the semi-industrial palm oil mills installed by the Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) as an alternative source of livelihood to support conservation in the forest areas of the Lebialem Highlands. The oil mills have helped the local people to save significant amount of time and energy that characterised the traditional palm oil producing method. This was uncovered by a recent survey conducted by ERuDeF's Livelihood and Economic Development Program. The survey equally indicated that palm oil production has increased on average by 50% as processing using machines increases output. Family incomes have consequently increased on average by about 50% as well following rise in output. This increase in income has had significant and direct implications on standards of living, ability to pay school fees, hospital bills, and other utilities for the wellbeing of the household as one farmer explained. "With the installation of a palm oil mill in Besali, I realised that the quantity and quality of oil I produce has improved and this has equally raised my income. I have been able to send my children to school with less difficulty" Ms. Francisca Nkem said. The oil mills have also helped to reduce stress from female family members who hitherto transported palm fruits by head load and lost much energy through smashing nuts for the collection of crude palm oil.

On the environmental front, the level of awareness of the communities has increased by at least 20% following conservation education as rationale for the installation of the palm oil mills. Following the signing of a community conservation agreement dating back to 2011, a significant portion of inhabitants of villages adjacent the proposed Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary have shunned hunting practices and are now sharing information on nature protection freely to others, moving away from unfriendly environmental practices such as bush burning, avoiding application of chemical fertilizers and introducing agro-forestry species to their agricultural practices, etc. This change of attitude is further confirmed by the reducing number of human signs recorded in the core conservation habitats of the critically endangered wildlife. Thus, palm oil mills while providing enough incentive for villagers to stay off the core wildlife habitats, have also contributed to the socio economic development of the enclave communities.

Just to note that following the discovery of a sub population of the critically endangered cross river gorilla in the then Bechati-Besali-Fossimondi forest, and now proposed TOFALA Hill Wildlife Sanctuary, ERuDeF launched a series of joint conservation and sustainable community development efforts in the landscape that included the installation of palm oil mills to benefit local communities. Two years on, ERuDeF has donated 5 palm oil mills and the impact of the mills has been accessed on both the wellbeing of the local population and on the conservation of the cross river gorilla and other primates in the landscape

By Forbe Hodu

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